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1402. With verbs signifying to surpass, be inferior to, the genitive denotes that with which anything is compared.

““τι_μαῖς τούτων ἐπλεονεκτεῖτεyou had the advantage over them in honoursX. A. 3.1.37, ““ἡττῶντο τοῦ ὕδατοςthey were overpowered by the waterX. H. 5.2.5, ““ὑστερεῖν τῶν ἔργωνto be too late for operationsD. 4.38, ““ἡμῶν λειφθέντεςinferior to usX. A. 7.7.31. So with πρεσβεύειν hold the first place, ἀριστεύειν be best (poet.), μειοῦσθαι fall short of, μειονεκτεῖν be worse off, ἐλαττοῦσθαι be at a disadvantage. νικᾶσθαί τινος is chiefly poetic. ἡττᾶσθαι often takes ὑπό. Akin to this genitive is that with verbs of ruling (1370), which are often derived from a substantive signifying ruler.

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