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1517. Cause.—The dative, especially with verbs of emotion, expresses the occasion (external cause) or the motive (internal cause).

Occasion: ““τῇ τύχῃ ἐλπίσα_ςconfident by reason of his good fortuneT. 3.97, θαυμάζω τῇ ἀποκλῄσει μου τῶν πυλῶν I am astonished at being shut out of the gates 4. 85, ““τούτοις ἥσθηhe was pleased at thisX. A. 1.9.26, ἠχθόμεθα τοῖς γεγενημένοις we were troubled at what had occurred 5. 7. 20, χαλεπῶς φέρω τοῖς παροῦσι πρά_γμασιν I am troubled at the present occurrences 1. 3. 3. Motive: ““φιλίᾳ καὶ εὐνοίᾳ ἑπόμενοιfollowing out of friendship and good willX. A. 2.6.13. Occasion and motive: οἱ μὲν ἀπορίᾳ ἀκολούθων, οἱ δὲ ἀπιστίᾳ some (carried their own food) because they lacked servants, others through distrust of them T. 7.75, ““ὕβρει καὶ οὐκ οἴνῳ τοῦτο ποιῶνdoing this out of insolence and not because he was drunkD. 21.74.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.3.1
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