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1943. Aorist for Pluperfect.—The aorist with many temporal and causal conjunctions, and in relative clauses, has the force of the Eng. pluperfect. So with ἐπεί, ἐπειδή after that, since, ὅτε, ὡς when, ὅτι because; regularly with πρίν before, ἕως, μέχρι until: ἐπεὶ ἐσάλπιγξε, ἐπῇσαν after the trumpeter had given the signal, they advanced X. A. 1.2.17, ““ἐπεὶ δὲ συνῆλθον, ἔλεξε τοιάδεand when they had come together, he spoke as followsX. C. 5.1.19, ἐκέλευσέ με τὴν ἐπιστολὴν ἣν ““ἔγραψα οἴκαδε δοῦναιhe requested me to give him the letter which I had written homeX. C. 2.2.9. So often in other moods than the indicative.

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    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.2
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