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1973. When the subject of the infinitive is the same as that of the governing verb, it is omitted, and a predicate noun stands in the nominative case.

““οἶμαι εἰδέναιI think that I knowP. Pr. 312e, ““Πέρσης ἔφη εἶναιhe said he was a PersianX. A. 4.4.17, ““ἐγὼ οὐχ ὁμολογήσω ἄκλητος ἥκεινI shall not admit that I have come uninvitedP. S. 174d, ὁμολογεῖς περὶ ἐμὲ ἄδικος γεγενῆσθαι; do you admit that you have been guilty as regards me? X. A. 1.6.8 (cp. 4.2.27 in 2263).

a. The nominative is used when the infinitive, expressing some action or state of the subject of the main verb, has the article in an oblique case. Thus, τούτων ἀξιωθεὶς διὰ τὸ πατρικὸς αὐτῷ φίλος εί̂ναι justifying these requests on the ground that he was his hereditary friend Aes. 3.52, ““τοῦτο δ᾽ ἐποίει ἐκ τοῦ χαλεπὸς εἶναιthis he effected by reason of his being severeX. A. 2.6.9, ἐπὶ τῷ ὁμοῖοι τοῖς λειπομένοις εἶναι ἐκπέμπονται (colonists) are sent out to be the equals of those who stay at home T. 1.34.

b. The nominative stands usually in sentences with δεῖν, χρῆναι etc., dependent on a verb of saying or thinking. Thus, ““ἡγούμην . . . περιεῖναι δεῖν αὐτῶν καὶ μεγαλοψυ_χότερος φαίνεσθαιI thought I ought to surpass them and to show myself more magnificentD. 19.235. Here ἡγούμην δεῖν is equivalent to I thought it proper.

c. When the governing verb is a participle in an oblique case, a predicate noun usually agrees with the participle, and rarely stands in the nominative. Thus, ““ἀπαλλαγεὶς τούτων τῶν φασκόντων δικαστῶν εἶναιbeing rid of those who profess to be judgesP. A. 41a, ““τὰ_ς ἀρχὰ_ς δίδωσι . . . τοῖς ἀεὶ δόξα_σιν ἀρίστοις εἶναιit dispenses the offices to those who always seem to be the most deservingP. Menex. 238d.

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