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2050. The substantive with which the attributive participle (with the article) agrees directly, may be omitted, the participle thus becoming a substantive (1153 b, and N. 1); as, ““ οἴκαδε βουλόμενος ἀπιέναιwhoever wants to go homeX. A. 1.7.4. Neuter participles are often substantival, as τὰ δέοντα duties.

a. Substantives or relative clauses must often be used to translate such par ticiples, as φεύγων the exile or the defendant, τὸ μέλλον the future, οἱ νι_κῶντες the victors, κλέπτων the thief, οἱ θανόντες the dead, σωθείς the man who has been saved, οἱ δεδιότες those who are afraid, οἱ ἀδικούμενοι those who are (being) wronged, ““ τὴν γνώμην ταύτην εἰπώνthe one who gave this opinionT. 8.68, ““ ἐνταῦθ᾽ ἑαυτὸν τάξα_ς τῆς πολι_τεία_ς εἴμ᾽ ἐγώthe man who took this position in the State was ID. 18.62. The participle with the article may represent a relative clause of purpose or result, as X. A. 2.4.5 cited in 2044.

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