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2283. With the subjunctive mood, ει᾽ commonly takes ἄν (Epic εἴ κε or εἴ κεν, not ἐά_ν).

a. There are three forms, ἐά_ν, ἤν, ἄ_ν. ἐά_ν is the ordinary form in Attic prose and inscriptions; ἤν appears in Ionic and in the older Attic writers (the tragic poets and Thucydides); ἄ_ν, generally in the later writers (sometimes together with ἐά_ν), very rarely in Attic inscriptions. In Plato ἄ_ν is commoner than ἐά_ν. Xenophon has all three forms.

b. ἤν is from εἰ ¨ ἄν, ἄ_ν from η᾽ (another form of εἰ) + ἄν. The etymology of ἐά_ν is uncertain: either from η᾽ ¨ ἄν or from εἰ ¨ ἄ_ν.

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