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248. The vocative of masculines and feminines is usually the pure stem.

πόλι (πόλι-ς city), βοῦ (βοῦ-ς ox, cow), Σώκρατες (Σωκράτης). Stems in ιδ and ντ cannot retain final δ and τ (133), hence Ἄρτεμι from Ἄρτεμις (Ἀρτεμιδ-), παῖ from παῖς boy, girl (παιδ-), νεᾶνι from νεᾶνις maiden (νεα_νιδ-); γέρον from γέρων old man (γεροντ-), γίγαν from γίγα_ς giant (γιγαντ-).

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