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2553. Ordinary Relative Clauses define more exactly a definite antecedent, and show the mood and the negative of simple sentences.

Indicative: ““ταῦτ᾽ ἐστὶν ἐγὼ δέομαιthis is what I wantX. A. 7.2.34, δύστα_να γένη βροτ ῶν, οἷς μὴ μέτριος αἰών alas, ill-starred races of men, whose destiny is beyond due measure S. Ph. 179, ὅθεν οὖν ῥᾷστα μαθήσεσθε περὶ αὐτῶν, ἐντεῦθεν ὑ_μᾶς καὶ ἐγὼ πρῶτον πειρά_σομαι διδάσκειν I will first try to inform you (lit.) from the source from which you will most easily learn about them D. 27.3, ““παρ᾽ ἐμὲ ἀφικόμενος οὐ πείσεται ἅπερ ἂν ἔπαθεν ἄλλῳ τῳ συγγενόμενος τῶν σοφιστῶνin coming to me he will not meet with the treatment he would have suffered had he consorted with any other of the sophistsP. Pr. 318d.

Subjunctive: Ἄνυτος ὅδε παρεκαθέζετο, μεταδῶμεν τῆς ζητήσεως Anytus has taken his seat here (lit.) to whom let us give a share in the investigation P. Men. 80e, κλύων ὁθούνεκα . . . μήτηρ δ᾽ ἐν οἴκοις: ἣν σὺ μὴ δείσῃς hearing that our mother is in the house, (lit.) of whom have thou no fear S. El. 1309.

Optative: οἴομαι ἂν ἡμᾶς τοιαῦτα παθεῖν, οἷα τοὺς ἐχθροὺς οἱ θεοὶ ποιήσειαν I think we should endure such things as I pray the gods may inflict upon our enemies X. A. 3.2.3, δόρατα ἔχοντες . . . ὅσα ἀνὴρ ἂν φέροι μόλις having spears, such as a man could carry with difficulty 5. 4. 25, ἄρξομαι δ᾽ ἐντεῦθεν ὅθεν . . . ἐγὼ τάχιστ᾽ ἂν διδάξαιμι I will begin at (from) that point where I can most quickly inform you D. 29.5. The potential optative without ἄν is very rare (2552).

Imperative: ““πλάνην φράσω, ἣν ἐγγράφου σὺ μνήμοσιν δέλτοις φρενῶνI will tell thy wandering, which do thou inscribe in the tablets of thy memoryA. Pr. 788. On οἶσθ᾽ δ̀ δρᾶσον, see 1842 a.

a. Ordinary relative clauses are explanatory, and (in sense) are equivalent to independent coördinated clauses. See 2490.

b. Homer has κέ or ἄν with the future: παρ᾽ ἐμοί γε καὶ ἄλλοι, οἵ κέ με τι_μήσουσι I have others by my side who will honour me A 175.

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