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37. Compensatory lengthening is the lengthening of a short vowel to make up for the omission of a consonant.

The short vowelsαειου
are lengthened toα_ειι_ουυ_
Thus the formsτάν-ςἐ-μεν-σαἐκλιν-σατόνςδεικνυντ-ς
becomeτά_ςἔμειναἔκλι_νατούςδεικνύ_ς
theI remainedI leanedtheshowing

a. Thus are formed κτείνω I kill for κτεν-[ιγλιδε]ω, φθείρω I destroy for φθερ-[ιγλιδε]ω, δότειρα giver for δοτερ-[ιγλιδε]α, κλί_νω I lean for κλιν-[ιγλιδε]ω, ὀλοφύ_ρω I lament for ὀλοφυρ-[ιγλιδε]ω.

b. α becomes η in the σ-aorist of verbs whose stems end in λ, ρ, or ν, when not preceded by ι or ρ. Thus, ἐφαν-σα becomes ἔ-φηνα I showed, but ἐπεραν-σα becomes ἐπέρα_να I finished. So σελήϝη moon for σελασ-νη (σέλας gleam).

c. The diphthongs ει and ου due to this lengthening are spurious (6).

hide References (1 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Friedrich Blass, Ausführliche Grammatik der Griechischen Sprache, A. Vokale.
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