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860. SUFFIXES WITH LIQUIDS (λ, ρ

1. λο, λα_: primary, in φῦ-λο-ν race, φυ_-λή clan (φύ_-ω produce), πῖ-λο-ς felt (Lat. pi-lu-s), ζεύγ-λη loop of a yoke (ζεύγ-νυ_-μι yoke); ἆθ-λο-ς contest, ἆθλο-ν prize, τυφ-λό-ς blind (τύ_φ-ω raise a smoke), στρεβ-λό-ς twisted (στρέφ-ω turn). Cp. 858. 7. Secondary, in παχυ-λό-ς thickish (dimin.). αλο, αλα_: primary, in ὀμφ-αλό-ς navel, κρότ-αλο-ν clapper (κρότ-ο-ς noise), κεφ-αλή head, τροχ-αλό-ς running (τρέχ-ω), πί_-αλο-ς fat (πι_αίνω fatten); secondary, in ὁμ-αλό-ς level (ὁμό-ς one and the same). Developed from this are αλεο, αλεα_: πι_-αλέο-ς fat, κερδ-αλέο-ς wily (κέρδ-ος gain), see 858. 7. ελο, ελα_: primary (prob.), in εἴκ-ελο-ς like (ἔοικα am like, εἰκ-), νεφ-έλη cloud (Lat. nebula); secondary, in θυ-μέ-λη altar. ηλο, ηλα_: κάπ-ηλο-ς huckster (agency), θυ-ηλή sacrifice (θύ_-ω), ὑψ-ηλό-ς lofty (ὕψ-ος height); primary or secondary: ἀπατ-η-λό-ς guileful (ἀπάτη guile, ἀπατά-ω cheat), σι_γ-ηλό-ς mute (σι_γή silence, σι_γά-ω am mute). ιλο, ιλα_: primary, in τροχ-ίλο-ς sandpiper (τρέχ-ω run); secondary, in ὀργ-ίλο-ς passionate (ὀργή). ι_λο, ι_λα: primary, in στρόβ-ι_λο-ς top (στρέφ-ω turn); secondary, in πέδ-ι_λο-ν sandal (πέδ-η fetter, πούς foot). υλο, υλα_: primary, in δάκτ-υλο-ς finger, σταφυλή bunch of grapes. Secondary, in μι_κκ-ύλο-ς small (μι_κκ-ό-ς). υ_λο, υ_λα_: σφονδ-ύ_λη beetle. ωλο, ωλα_: primary, in εἴδ-ωλο-ν image (εἴδ-ομαι resemble), εὐχ-ωλή prayer (εὔχ-ομαι). Rare forms: αλιο, αλιμο, ελιο, ηλιο.

2. λυ: primary, in θῆ-λυ-ς female (root θη give suck).

3. ρο, ρα_: primary, in substantives: ἀγ-ρό-ς field, Lat. ager (ἄγ-ω), νεκ-ρό-ς corpse (cp. νέκ-υ_-ς), γαμ-β-ρό-ς son-in-law (γαμ-έ-ω marry, for β see 130), ἐχθ-ρό-ς enemy, ἔχθ-ρα_ hatred (ἔχθ-ω hate), ἄργυ-ρο-ς silver, ὕδ-ρα_ hydra (ὕδ-ωρ water); rarely, of instrument 842. 6; of place, in ἕδ-ρα_ seat; primary, in adjectives (858. 13). αρο, αρα_: primary, in βλέφ-αρο-ν eye-lid (βλέπ-ω look), τάλ-αρο-ς basket (τλάω, τλῆναι bear), λιπ-αρό-ς shiny (cp. λίπ-ος fat). α_ρο (ηρο), α_ρα_ (ηρα_): primary or secondary, in ἀνι-α_-ρό-ς grievous (ἀνία_ grief, ἀνιά-ω grieve), λυ_π-η-ρό-ς painful (λύ_πη pain, λυ_πέ-ω grieve); secondary, in ἀνθ-ηρό-ς flowery (ἄνθ-ος), and perhaps in πον-ηρό-ς toilsome (πόνο-ς, πονέ-ομαι toil). ερο, ερα_: secondary, in φοβε-ρό-ς terrible (φόβο-ς terror), whence σκι-ερό-ς shady (σκιά_ shade); also in πενθ-ερό-ς father-inlaw = lit. one who binds (cp. πεῖσμα πενθ-σμα cable), ἔν-εροι those below the earth (ἐν). υρο, υρα_: secondary, in λιγυ-ρό-ς (λιγύ-ς) shrill, whence primary ἄχ-υρο-ν chaff, φλεγ-υρό-ς burning (φλέγ-ω burn). υ_ρο, υ_ρα_: primary or secondary, in ἰσχυ_-ρό-ς strong (ἰσχύ_-ω am strong, ἰσχύ_-ς strength); primary, in λέπ-υ_ρο-ν rind (λέπ-ω peel), γέφ-υ_ρα bridge. ωρο, ωρα_: primary, in ὀπ-ώρα_ late summer (ὄπ-ισθεν at the rear, after).

4. ρι (rare): primary, in ἄκ-ρι-ς hill-top (ἄκ-ρο-ς highest), ἴδ-ρι-ς knowing (εἶδον, ἰδεῖν).

5. ρυ (rare): primary, in δάκ-ρυ tear; cp. Old Lat. dacruma for lacrima.

6. αρ: primary, in ἧπ-αρ, ἥπατ-ος liver (253 b), πῖ-αρ fat, ἔ-αρ spring.—7. ερ, ηρ: primary, in ἀ_ή_ρ ἀ_έρ-ος air (ἄημι blow, of the wind), αἰθ-ήρ, -έρ-ος upper air (αἴθ-ω kindle).—8. ωρ: primary: gen. -ατ-ος: ὕδ-ωρ water; gen. -ωρος: ἰ_χώρ ichor, serum; gen. -ορος: by analogy in αὐτο-κράτ-ωρ possessing full powers (κράτ-ος power).—9. ωρα_: primary, in πλη-θ-ώρη (Ionic) satiety, cp. 832.

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