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1991. Verbs of will or desire (and their opposites) are often followed by an infinitive. The infinitive with a subject accusative denotes that something should (may) be or be done. The negative is μή (see 2719-2721).

““ἤθελον αὐτοῦ ἀκούεινthey were willing to listen to himX. A. 2.6.11, ““ἐβουλεύοντο ἐκλιπεῖν τὴν πόλινthey planned to leave the cityHdt. 6.100, ““τὰ ἥδιστα . . . ζητεῖ ποιεῖνhe seeks to do what he likes bestX. M. 4.5.11, ““βασιλεὺς ἀξιοῖ σὲ ἀποπλεῖνthe king asks that you sail awayX. H. 3.4.25, ἱ_κέτευε μὴ ἀποκτεῖναι he entreated that they should not put him (self) to death L. 1.25, πέμπουσιν . . . στρατεύεσθαι ἐπὶ Κα_ρία_ν they send orders that he shall march upon Caria X. H. 3.1.7, ““ἔδοξε πλεῖν τὸν Ἀλκιβιάδηνit was decided that Alcibiades should sailT. 6.29.

a. Verbs of will or desire with an accusative subject of the infinitive form one of the classes of substantive clauses introduced in English by that, though the infinitive in English is often more idiomatic.

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 3.5.2
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