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2053. A participle and its substantive often correspond to a verbal noun with the genitive or to an articular infinitive. Cp. post urbem conditam and Milton's “Since created man.”

τῷ σί_τῳ ἐπιλείποντι ἐπιέζοντο they suffered from the failure of the crops ( = τῇ τοῦ σί_του ἐπιλείψει) T. 3.20, δι᾽ ὑ_μᾶς μὴ ξυμμαχήσαντας by reason of your not joining the alliance ( = διὰ τὸ ὑ_μᾶς μὴ ξυμμαχῆσαι) 6. 80, μετὰ Συρα_κούσα_ς οἰκισθείσα_ς after the foundation of Syracuse 6. 3, ““ἐλύ_πει αὐτὸν χώρα_ πορθουμένηthe ravaging of the country grieved himX. A. 7.7.12, ““ ὀργὴ σὺν τῷ φόβῳ λήγοντι ἄπεισιhis wrath will disappear with the cessation of his fearX. C. 4.5.21.

a. Except in expressions of time, such as ““ἅμα ἦρι ἀρχομένῳat the beginning of springT. 2.2, ἐπὶ Κόδρου βασιλεύοντος in the reign of Codrus Lyc. 84 (cp. 1689 b), this construction is in place only when the part. is necessary to the sense. In poetry: ““Ζεὺς γελοῖος ὀμνύμενοςswearing by Zeus is ridiculousAr. Nub. 1241; in Hom. A 601, I 682.

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