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The thirteen lines (1313— 1325) which contain the list of chiefs illustrate the poet's tact. There is no pomp of description, no superfluous detail; but the three most interesting points are lightly touched,—the character of Amphiaraus, the character of Capaneus, and the parentage of Parthenopaeus. The dramatic purpose is to dignify the strife, and to heighten the terror of the father's curse, which falls not only on the guilty son, but on his allies (cp. 1400).

The list agrees in names, though not in order, with Aesch. Th. 377—652, where each name is associated with one of the seven gates of Thebes, as probably in the epic Thebaid. (Cp. Ant. 141 ff., where the seven champions appear as having been slain and spoiled,—the special doom of Amphiaraus being ignored.) Eur. Phoen. 1104—1188 also has this list, except that Eteoclus is omitted, and Adrastus (the one survivor) substituted. In his Supplices Eteoclus and Adrastus are both included, while either Hippomedon or Amphiaraus seems to be omitted.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes, 377
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 1104
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 141
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