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οὐ πάνυ μοίρας πρώτης not wholly of the best fortune, εὐδαιμονίσαι (epexeg. inf., εἰς τὸ εὐδαιμονίσαι schol.) so that men should call him happy. The gen. is a poet. form of the possessive, “"belonging to"” the best fortune (as to a category); cp. Pind. Pyth. 3.60οἵας εἰμὲν αἴσας”, of what estate we (mortals) are: Plut. Num. 2κρείττονος ἦν μοίρας”. The place of εὐδαιμ. has been influenced by its common constr. with a causal gen.: but we could not say, οὐκ εἰμὶ εὐδαιμονίσαι, I am not to be congratulated.

πρώτης, not “"from his birth,"” but “"best"”: Ant. 1347τὸ φρονεῖν
εὐδαιμονίας πρῶτον ὑπάρχει

”: a sense associated with the idea of first prize (Il. 23.275τὰ πρῶτα λαβών”), “τὰ πρωτεῖα”: cp. 1313; and so 1228πολὺ δεύτερον”.

οὐ πάνυ oft means "not at all," but prob. as a result of the primary ironical sense, "not altogether."

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Pindar, Pythian, 3
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1347
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1228
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1313
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.275
    • Plutarch, Numa, 2
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