κερτομίοις ὀργαῖς, causal dat. with “ζεύχθη”: was subjugated by reason of the bursts of fury in which he reviled Dionysus. For the dat., cp. 391, 691: El. 838 “χρυσοδέτοις ἕρκεσι κρυφθέντα γυναικῶν”, (Amphiaraus) buried alive, by reason of a woman's golden snares. ὀργαῖς might be general, ‘moods’ (355), but here has its special sense, though plur.: cp. Aesch. Eum. 848 “ὀργὰς ξυνοίσω σοι”. The dat. could be taken as a modal dat. with “ὀξύχολος” (‘in,’ or ‘with,’ his “ὀργαί”), but this is less good.—We could not take “ζεύχθη...ὀργαῖς” as=‘was enslaved to (his own) fierce moods.’—The recurrence of κερτομίοις in 961 is noteworthy, but not a ground for suspicion (76 n.): cp. 613 “οὐδὲν ἕρπει” with 618: and 614 “ἐκτὸς ἄτας” with 625. The idea of “κερτόμιος” is mockery, or bitter jest: cp. Ph. 1235“κερτομῶν λέγεις τάδε”; with the answer, “εἰ κερτόμησίς ἐστι τἀληθῆ λέγειν”. The word is illustrated by the whole scene in which Pentheus mocks and taunts Dionysus (Eur. Bacch. 451—514). So Aesch. fr. 59 made Lycurgus ask, “ποδαπὸς ὁ γύννις”; (‘whence comes this womanish youth?’).
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