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χολαί. Arist. always uses the sing. “χολή” for the gall-bladder. In Plat. Tim. 82Eχολάς”=‘kinds of bile,’ the “χολῆς εἴδη” of 83 C. Here there was a metrical motive (“διεσπείροντο”) for the plur., which denotes not merely the gallbladder, but also the gall dispersed from it. The gall-bladder, and the lobe of the liver, afforded omens, by colour and form, in “ἱεροσκοπία” (1005 n.): Aesch. PV 495χολῆς λοβοῦ τε ποικίλην εὐμορφίαν”: cp. Eur. El. 827 ff. But here, in “ἔμπυρα”, the “χολή” was simply a part of the burnt-offering,—added to the “μηρία”, because otherwise associated with divination. Cp. the unknown poet in Clemens Strom.p. 851 (it is vain to think that the gods rejoice) “ὀστῶν ἀσάρκων καὶ χολῆς πυρουμένης”. So, too, Menander ap. Athen. 146 E “οἱ δὲ τὴν ὀσφὺν ἄκραν καὶ τὴν χολὴν ὀστᾶ τ᾽ ἄβρωτα τοῖς θεοῖς ἐπιθέντες αὐτοὶ τἄλλα καταπίνουσ᾽ ἀεί”.

καταρρυεῖς, running down, dripping, with the fat which was melting off them: Schol. “καταρρεόμενοι, καθυγραινόμενοι”. This use of the adj. is parallel with a frequent use of the verb, as Eur. Tro. 15θεῶν ἀνάκτορα φόνῳ καταρρεῖ”: Il. 8.65ῥέε δ᾽ αἴματι γαῖα”: Eur. Bacch. 142ῥεῖ δὲ γάλακτι πέδον”, etc.—“καταρρυεῖς” could also mean, ‘slipping down’; but it does not appear that the “μηροί” were displaced; they were merely bared.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 495
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 142
    • Euripides, Electra, 827
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 15
    • Plato, Timaeus, 82e
    • Homer, Iliad, 8.65
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