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τὸ χαίρειν: Ai. 555ἕως τὸ χαίρειν καὶ τὸ λυπεῖσθαι μάθῃς”. Aesch. Eum. 301ἔρρειν, τὸ χαίρειν μὴ μαθόνθ᾽ ὅπου φρενῶν”: ib. 423ὅπου τὸ χαίρειν μηδαμοῦ νομίζεται”. For the thought, cp. Simonides fr. 71 “τίς γὰρ ἁδονᾶς ἄτερ θνατῶν βίος ποθεινὸς ποία τυραννίς; τᾶς δ᾽ ἄτερ οὐδὲ θεῶν ζαλωτὸς αἰών”: where “ἡδονή” is as general as “τὸ χαίρειν” here. More often, however, the sentiment refers to sensuous “ἡδοναί”: cp. Mimnermus fr. 1 “τεθναίην ὅτε μοι μηκέτι ταῦτα μέλοι”: Antiphanes fr. incert. 51 (it is foolish to disparage “ἔρως”), “εἰ γὰρ ἀφέλοι τις τοῦ βίου τὰς ἡδονάς, καταλείπετ᾽ οὐδὲν ἕτερον τεθνηκέναι.

καπνοῦ σκιᾶς: gen. of price (nom., “καπνοῦ σκιά”). Ph. 946οὐδ᾽ οἶδ᾽ ἐναίρων νεκρὸν καπνοῦ σκιάν, εἴδωλον ἄλλως”. Aesch. fr. 390 “τὸ γὰρ βρότειον σπέρμ᾽ ἐφ᾽ ἡμέραν φρονεῖ, καὶ πιστὸν οὐδὲν μᾶλλον καπνοῦ σκιά”. So Soph. fr. 12 “ἄνθρωπός ἐστι πνεῦμα καὶ σκιὰ μόνον”. Cp. Pind. P. 8. 95σκιᾶς ὄναρ ἄνθρωπος”. Aesch. Ag. 839εἴδωλον σκιᾶς”.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 301
    • Aeschylus, Eumenides, 423
    • Pindar, Pythian, 8
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 555
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 946
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 839
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