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ἀρχαῖς, duties of administration. It might be explained as a generic plur. of “ἀρχή”, in the sense of ‘sovereignties,’ as Isocr. or. 3 § 15αἱ μοναρχίαι”, § 16τὰς τυραννίδας”, etc.: but it seems truer to say that the Athenian poet was thinking of public offices or magistracies. νόμοισιν has a general sense: the king is concerned with “νόμοι” both as “νομοφύλαξ” and as “νομοθέτης”: but, as the context suggests, it is of law-giving that Creon is more particularly thinking. Tournier has suggested “ἀρχῇ τε καὶ θρόνοισιν”, but we must recollect how largely the language of Attic tragedy is tinged with democratic associations.

ἐντριβής, exercitatus: Plat. Legg. 769Bἐντριβής γε οὐδαμῶς γέγοια τῇ τοιαύτῃ τέχνῃ.

φανῇ ‘be found,’ without “ὤν”, as Pind. P. 5. 107πέφανταί θ᾽ ἁρματηλάτας σοφός”: Thuc. 1.8Κᾶρες ἐφάνησαν” (were found to be). Not: ‘be revealed, by being conversant.’ Cp. Arist. Eth. Nic. 5.3πολλοὶ γὰρ ἐν μὲν τοῖς οἰκείοις τῇ ἀρετῇ δύνανται χρῆσθαι, ἐν δὲ τοῖς πρὸς ἕτερον ἀδυνατοῦσιν. καὶ διὰ τοῦτο εὖ δοκεῖ ἔχειν τὸ τοῦ Βίαντος, ὅτι ἀρχὴ ἄνδρα δείξει: πρὸς ἕτερον γὰρ καὶ ἐν κοινωνίᾳ ἤδη ἄρχων”. Besides Bias of Priene, others of the “ἑπτὰ σοφισταί”,—as Chilon, Pittacus, Solon,—had this saying ascribed to them. Plut. Sull. 30(Sulla ) “εἰκότως προσετρίψατο ταῖς μεγάλαις ἐξουσίαις διαβολὴν ὡς τὰ ἤθη μένειν οὐκ ἐώσαις ἐπὶ τῶν ἐξ ἀρχῆς τρόπων” (as not allowing characters to be constant under the influence of habits formed in office), “ἀλλ᾽ ἔμπληκτα καὶ χαῦνα καὶ ἀπάνθρωπα ποιούσαις”. Shaksp. Jul. Caes. ii. 1. 12He would be crown'd:— How that might change his nature, there's the question....The abuse of greatness is, when it disjoins | Remorse from power.

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hide References (7 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (7):
    • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1131a
    • Isocrates, Nicocles or the Cyprians, 15
    • Isocrates, Nicocles or the Cyprians, 16
    • Pindar, Pythian, 5
    • Plato, Laws, 769b
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.8
    • Plutarch, Sulla, 30
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