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μὲν answered by “σημεῖα δ᾽” (257).

τυμβήρης μὲν οὔ (cp. on 96), not entombed: i.e. there was no “τύμβος”, indicating that the ashes had been buried beneath it (1203): the body itself lay there, though covered over with dust. τυμβ., prop., ‘provided with a mound,’ but below, 946, merely=‘tomb-like’; and so in Ar. Th. 889Euripides says “τυμβήρεις ἕδρας”, ‘seat on a tomb.’—λεπτὴ δ᾽ἐπῆν, instead of “λέπτῃ δὲ κόνει κεκαλυμμένος” (as in Soph. Ph. 545δοξάζων μὲν οὔ, τύχῃ δὲ...ὁρμισθείς”): for this introduction of a new finite verb, where a participial clause was expected, cp. 813 ff.

ἄγος φεύγοντος ὥς sc.τινος” ( O. T. 629οὔτοι κακῶς γ᾽ ἄρχοντος”, n.): the gen. is not absol., but possessive, denoting the author: ‘as of (i.e. from) one avoiding.’ ἄγος, the guilt incurred by one who passed by an unburied corpse without throwing earth on it: “οἱ γὰρ νεκρὸν ὁρῶντες ἄταφον, καὶ μὴ ἐπαμησάμενοι κόνιν, ἐναγεῖς εἶναι ἐδόκουν”. Aelian Var. Hist. 5. 14 “νόμος καὶ οὗτος Ἀττικός, ὃς ἂν ἀτάφῳ περιτύχῃ σώματι ἀνθρώπου πάντως ἐπιβάλλειν αὐτῷ γῆν: θάπτειν δὲ πρὸς δυσμὰς βλέποντας”. So, too, Aelian says of the hawk, Hist. Anim. 2. 49, “νεκρὸν δὲ ἄνθρωπον ἰδὼν ἱέραξ, ὡς λόγος, πάντως ἐπιβάλλει γῆν τῷ ἀτάφῳ: καὶ τοῦτο μὲν αὐτῷ οὐ κελεύει Σόλων, ὡς Ἀθηναίους ἐπαίδευσε δρᾶν” (though our schol. ascribes the precept to a prehistoric “Βουζύγης”): and of the elephant, H. A. 5. 49 “τὸν ἐλέφαντα θεασάμενος ἐλέφας νεκρὸν οὐκ ἂν παρέλθοι, μὴ τῇ προβοσκίδι γῆν ἀρυσάμενος καὶ ἐπιβαλών, ὁσίαν τινὰ ἀπόρρητον ὑπὲρ τῆς κοινῆς φύσεως τελῶν” (‘fulfilling some mysterious law of piety imposed by Nature’), “καὶ φεύγων ἄγος: εἶναι γὰρ τὸ μὴ δρᾶσαι τοῦτο ἐναγές”. It was remembered as a disgrace to Lysander that, having put to death some prisoners of war, “οὐδὲ ἀποθανοῦσιν ἐπήνεγκε γῆν” (Paus. 9.32.6). Cp. id. 1. 32. 5 “πάντως ὅσιον ἀνθρώπου νεκρὸν γῇ κρύψαι”. Hor. Carm. 1. 28. 33precibus non linquar inultis, Teque piacula nulla resolvent...licebit Iniecto ter pulvere curras.

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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae, 889
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9.32.6
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 813
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 629
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 545
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