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πότερον κ.τ.λ. Did they think him good? Or, thinking him bad, did they yet honour him?—ἔκρυπτον (sc.γῇ”) = “ἔθαπτον”: the word is specially suitable here to the covering with dust (256). Cp. O. C. 621κεκρυμμένος νέκυς”: El. 838κρυφθέντα” (of Amphiaraus swallowed up by the earth). Bellermann cites an inscr. from Smyrna (Rhein. Mus. 1872, 27 p. 465) “παίδων σε φίλαι χέρες, ὡς θέμις ἐστί, κρύψαν”. The impf. (‘were for burying’) refers to the motive present to the agent's mind when the act was undertaken: cp. 19ἐξέπεμπον” n.

ἀμφικίονας ναούς, temples surrounded by columns, an epith. marking their stateliness and splendour, as Eur. Andr. 1099ἐν περιστύλοις δόμοις” (of a temple), I. T. 406 “περικίονας ναούς”. The “ναὸς περίστυλος” or “περίπτερος” (so called because the ceiling of the colonnade projected like a wing, from the cella) had a colonnade on each of its four sides: the “ναὸς ἀμφιπρόστυλος”, only on two (front and back): but, though the latter would satisfy the word “ἀμφικίονας”, the poet doubtless meant the former.

κἀναθήματα, votive offerings, such as gold and silver vessels of all kinds; statues; bronze tripods, etc. (Cp.

Her. 1.50; Thuc. 6.46; Isae. or. 7 § 41.) The wealth of Delphi in “ἀναθήματα” is already proverbial in Il. 9.404; at Thebes the “Ἰσμήνιον” (O. T. 21) also seems to have been rich in them. After “ἀνάθημα” the gen. denotes either “ ἀναθείς” (as more oft.), or, as here, the divine owner.

γῆν ἐκείνων (depending on πυρώσων), i.e. the territory of Thebes (cp. on 199), since the land belongs to the “θεοὶ ἐγχώριοι” and “πολιοῦχοι”: not merely the “τεμένη” attached to their shrines.

νόμους διασκεδῶν, to scatter the laws abroad, i.e. to shatter the fabric of civil order: cp. Tennyson, Red ruin, and the breaking up of laws. Cic. Agr. 2. 37disturbare... legem.” So “διασκεδ”. of breaking up a treaty (O. C. 620), or a king's power (ib. 1341).

διασκεδῶν would suit “ἀναθήματα”, but could not possibly be joined with “γῆν” (as if the latter meant ‘State’): hence it must be taken with “νόμους” only.

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hide References (11 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (11):
    • Euripides, Andromache, 1099
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.50
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 19
    • Sophocles, Electra, 838
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1341
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 620
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 621
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 21
    • Thucydides, Histories, 6.46
    • Homer, Iliad, 9.404
    • Cicero, On the Agrarian Law, 2.37
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