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δεινόν. Creon has pronounced the Guard guilty on mere “δόξα”, without proof. The Guard says, ‘It is grievous that, when a man does harbour suspicions (“ δοκεῖ γε”), those suspicions should at the same time (καὶ) be false.’ γε means that, in such a matter, hasty “δόξα” should be avoided altogether. It is always bad to assume a man guilty without proof; it is worse when the rash assumption is also erroneous. Cp. “δόκησις ἀγνώς”, ‘a blind suspicion’ (O. T. 681), and ib. 608γνώμῃ δ᾽ ἀδήλῳ μή με χωρὶς αἰτιῶ”. Eur. Bacch. 311μηδ᾽ ἢν δοκῇς μέν”, (“ δὲ δόξα σου νοσεῖ”,) | “φρονεῖν δόκει τι.”—Nauck supposes a play on two senses of “δοκεῖν, δοκεῖ” (or, as he reads, “δοκῇ”) having been suggested by “ἔδοξε τῷ δήμῳ”, etc.: ‘'Tis monstrous that he who decides should have false views.’ But, even if the absolute “ δοκεῖ” could be thus used, the colloquial frequency of “δοκεῖ” (“μοι ποιεῖν τι”) in Aristophanes suffices to show that “ δοκεῖ” could not, to an Athenian ear, have suggested ‘the ruler’ or ‘the judge’: it would have seemed to mean merely one who ‘proposes,’ not ‘disposes.’—Schütz makes “δοκεῖν” depend on “δοκεῖ”: ‘'Tis grievous when a man is resolued to believe even what is false’ (if only he wishes to believe it). A bold speech for the Guard to Creon; nor does it satisfy either “γε” or “καί”.

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Euripides, Bacchae, 311
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 608
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 681
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