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ἀστυνόμους ὀργάς, ‘such dispositions as regulate cities’; i.e. those feelings which lead men to organise social life, and to uphold the social order by their loyalty. For “ὀργάς”, cp. Ai. 639συντρόφοις ὀργαῖς”, the dispositions that have grown with his growth: Eur. Tro. 53ἐπῄνεσ᾽ ὀργὰς ἠπίους”. The relation of “φθέγμα” to “ἀστυνόμοι ὀργαί” is illustrated by Arist. Pol. 1.2 § 12, where he is showing that man, more than any other “ἀγελαῖον ζῷον”, is “πολιτικόν”: ‘Speech is intended to explain what is expedient and what is hurtful,—and so also what is just and unjust. It is characteristic of man, as compared with other animals, that he alone has a sense of good and evil, just and unjust; and it is the association of beings with this sense that make a Family and a State.’

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Aristotle, Politics, 1.1253a
    • Euripides, Trojan Women, 53
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 639
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