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λυσσῶσανοὐδ᾽ ἐπ.: cp. O. T. 58 n.: Her. 9.55μαινόμενον καὶ οὐ φρενήρεα.

ἐπήβολον, ‘in possession of’ (compos), a word used by Aesch. ( Aesch. P. V. 444φρενῶν”, Aesch. Ag. 542νόσου”), but not by Eur. Itbelonged to the diction of Ionian epos, appearing first in Od. 2.319 (“οὐ γὰρ νηὸς ἐπήβολος οὐδ᾽ ἐρετάων”), and is used by Herod. ; Plato, too, admits it (as Euthyd. 289B “ἐπιστήμης ἐπηβόλους”). Düntzer would derive it from “ἐπί” and “ἄβολος” (‘meeting with’), assumed from the late verb “ἀβολέω” as=“ἀντιβολέω” ( Rhod. Ap. 3. 1148); but it is more likely that it was simply an epic metrical license for “ἐπίβολος”. The sense seems to come from “ἐπιβάλλομαι” as=‘to throw oneself on’ a thing, and so take possession of it.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 444
    • Herodotus, Histories, 9.55
    • Homer, Odyssey, 2.319
    • Plato, Euthydemus, 289
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 58
    • Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 542
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