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πάμπολύ γ᾽ (Heath), for “πάμπολις”, is not only the best emendation, but (in my belief) a certain one. I do not know whether it has been noticed that “πάμπολϋν” in one of the late MSS. (see cr. n.), —a mere blunder for “πάμπολις”,—forcibly illustrates the ease with which the opposite change of “πάμπολύ γ᾽” into “πάμπολις” could have occurred. The “νόμος”, then, is:— ‘Nothing vast comes to (enters into) the life of mortals, “ἐκτὸς ἄτας”, free from a curse (cp. “ἔξω...αἰτίας”, 445)’—without bringing “ἄτη”. Cp. Plat. Rep. 531Dπάμπολυ ἔργον”, Legg. 823 B “πάμπολύ τι πρᾶγμα”, ib. 677 Eγῆς δ᾽ ἀφθόνου πλῆθος πάμπολυ”. Too much power, or wealth, or prosperity —anything so great as to be “μὴ κατ᾽ ἄνθρωπον”—excites the divine “φθόνος”: the man shows “ὕβρις”, and this brings “ἄτη”. Cp. Her. 7.10ὁρᾷς τὰ ὑπερέχοντα ζῷα ὡς κεραυνοῖ θεὸς οὐδὲ ἐᾷ φαντάζεσθαι, τὰ δὲ σμικρὰ οὐδέν μιν κνίζει; ὁρᾷς δὲ ὡς ἐς οἰκήματα τὰ μέγιστα αἰεὶ καὶ δένδρεα τὰ τοιαῦτα ἀποσκήπτει τὰ βέλεα; φιλέει γὰρ θεὸς τὰ ὑπερέχοντα πάντα κολούειν”. L. Diog. 1. 3. 2(Zeus) “τὰ μὲν ὑψηλὰ ταπεινῶν, τὰ δὲ ταπεινὰ ὑψῶν”. Soph. fr. 320 “καλὸν φρονεῖν τὸν θνητὸν ἀνθρώποις ἴσα.

ἕρπει: cp. Ai. 1087ἕρπει παραλλὰξ ταῦτα” (come to men): for the dat., cp. above, 186. The inf. ἕρπειν would be admissible after “οὐδέν”, since this is not a precept (like “μὴ πλουτεῖν ἀδίκως”), but a statement of fact. In 706 L has “ἔχει” by mistake for “ἔχειν”, and such errors are frequent. And “δοκεῖν” in 622 might seem to recommend “ἕρπειν” here. Yet ἕρπει seems right. For this is not what the “νόμοςsays,—as “δοκεῖν” in 622 depends on “ἔπος πέφανται”, and “δράσαντι παθεῖν” in Aesch. Cho. 313 on “μῦθος...φωνεῖ”. The constant fact, “οὐδὲν ἕρπει”, is the “νόμος”. Cp. Ph. 435λόγῳ δέ σ᾽ ἐν βραχεῖ τοῦτ᾽ ἐκδιδάξω: πόλεμος οὐδέν᾽ ἄνδρ᾽ ἑκὼν αἱρεῖ πονηρόν.

πάμπολις is impossible. For the attempts to explain it, and for other conjectures, see Appendix.


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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Aeschylus, Libation Bearers, 313
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.10
    • Plato, Republic, 531d
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1087
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 435
    • Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum, 1.3
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