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ἐγὼ μὲν οὖν. μέν (with no answering “δέ”) emphasises “ἐγώ” (see on 11), while “οὖν” has its separate force, ‘therefore,’ as in O. T. 483, O. C. 664. The composite “μὲν οὖν” (‘nay rather’) would be unfitting here.

τοὺς ὑπὸ χθονός, the gods below (451), and also the departed spirit of Polyneices,—which, like the spirit of the unburied Patroclus (Il. 23.65), can have no rest till sepulture has been given to the corpse. Cp. O. C. 1775τῷ κατὰ γῆς” (Oedipus): for the allusive plur., El. 1419ζῶσιν οἱ γᾶς ὑπαὶ κείμενοι” (Agamemnon). In ref. to the nether world, Attic writers regularly join “ὑπό” with gen., not dat.: El. 841ὑπὸ γαίας... ἀνάσσει”: Tr. 1097τόν θ᾽ ὑπὸ χθονὸς Ἅιδου...σκύλακα”: Phaedr. 249 Aτὰ ὑπὸ γῆς δικαστήρια”. Indeed “ὑπό” with dat. is altogether rare in Attic prose, except as meaning (a) under an authority, as “ὑπὸ νόμοις”, or (b) under a class, as Plat. Symp. 205Bαἱ ὑπὸ πάσαις ταῖς τέχναις ἐργασίαι”. In poetry, Attic and other, it is freq. also in the local sense: cp. 337ὑπ᾽ οἴδμασιν.

βιάζομαι τάδε, pass. with cogn. acc., as 1073 “βιάζονται τάδε”. Cp. Ph. 1366κἄμ᾽ ἀναγκάζεις τάδε”; and below, 219.

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hide References (12 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (12):
    • Homer, Iliad, 23.65
    • Plato, Symposium, 205b
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 249a
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 219
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 337
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1419
    • Sophocles, Electra, 841
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1775
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 664
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 483
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1366
    • Sophocles, Trachiniae, 1097
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