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λόγοις τοιούτοις, causal dat.: thy face is terrible to the citizen on account of such words as shall displease thee: i.e. the citizen imagines the stern king's face growing darker at the sound of frank speech, and restrains his lips. (Cp. 509.) Doubts as to the dat. “λόγοις τ”. led Dindorf to suppose the loss of one verse (or more) after 690. Herwerden has suggested something like “κοὐδείς ποτ᾽ ἀστῶν ἐμφανῶς χρῆται, πάτερ, λόγοις τοιούτοις κ.τ.λ.” Nauck thinks that either v. 691 is wholly spurious, or that the words “λόγοις τοιούτοις” are corrupt. But, while the dat. is certainly bold—esp. with “ἀνδρὶ δ.” preceding it—it is (I think) quite within the possibilities of classical idiom. We should remember that Athenians were accustomed to use a simple dat. (of ‘time’ or ‘occasion’) in speaking of festivals,—as “τραγῳδοῖς καινοῖς”: cp. (e.g.) Plat. Symp. 174Aχθὲς γὰρ αὐτὸν διέφυγον τοῖς ἐπινικίοις”, ‘I eluded him yesterday when he was holding his sacrifice for victory.’ So, here, the dat. λόγοις τοιούτοις, though properly causal, might sound to a Greek ear like, ‘at such words,’ i.e. ‘when such words are spoken.’ The causal dat. in 391, “ταῖς σαῖς ἀπειλαῖς”, is similar. Cp. also Thuc. I. 84εὐπραγίαις...οὐκ ἐξυβρίζομεν”, where the notion, ‘by reason of successes,’ is similarly blended with the notion, ‘in seasons of success.’

οἷς with τέρψει (cp. O. C. 1140, Ph. 460), κλύων epexegetic. If, however, the order had been “κλύων τέρψει”, then “οἷς” might have been for “οὕς”, by attraction. The μή is generic (‘such that not...’), cp. 696. For the fut. midd. “τέρψομαι” (with pass. sense) cp. fr. 612 “ὅπου γε μὴ δίκαια τέρψεται”, and [Eur.] Rhes. 194. For the fut. ind. after a relative with “μή”, cp. O. T. 1412 n. —Nauck reads τέρψῃ (aor. midd.). This rare aor. “ἐτερψ̓άμην” is epic, as Od. 12.188τερψάμενος” (‘having had delight’). It is not Attic, the Attic aor. in that sense being “ἐτέρφθην” (O. C. 1140).

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hide References (9 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Homer, Odyssey, 12.188
    • Plato, Symposium, 174a
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 509
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 696
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1140
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 1412
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 460
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.84
    • Euripides, Rhesus, 194
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