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ἴσθ᾽ from “εἰμί”: ‘be such as thou wilt,’—show what character thou wilt. Cp. Ph. 1049οὗ γὰρ τοιούτων δεῖ, τοιοῦτός εἰμ᾽ ἐγώ”: ib. 1271τοιοῦτος ἦσθα τοῖς λόγοισι”: El. 1024ἄσκει τοιαύτη νοῦν δι᾽ αἰῶνος μένειν”: O.T. 435 “ἡμεῖς τοιοίδ᾽ ἔφυμεν.

όποία σοι δοκεῖ=(“τοιαύτη”) “ὁποίᾳ” (or “ὁποίαν”) “εἶναι δοκεῖ σοι”, the relative being attracted into the case of the suppressed antecedent. This was the more natural since “ὁποία σοι δοκεῖ”, ‘of any kind you please,’ was felt as almost one word, “ὁποιαδήποτε”; just so “ὃς βούλει” (quivis), instead of “οὗτος ὃν βούλει”, Plat. Gorg. 517Aμήποτέ τις τῶν νῦν ἔργα τοιαῦτα ἐργάσηται οἷα τούτων ὃς βούλει εἴργασται”: Crat. 432 Aὥσπερ αὐτὰ τὰ δέκα ὅστις βούλει ἄλλος ἀριθμός”.—Those who read ἴσθ᾽ (from “οἶδα”) ὁποῖά σοι δοκεῖ compare El. 1055ἀλλ᾽ εἰ σεαυτῇ τυγχάνεις δοκοῦσά τι φρονεῖν, φρόνει τοιαῦτα”. But “εἰδέναι” is not “φρονεῖν”. In Attic, “ἴσθ᾽ ὁποῖά σοι δοκεῖ” could mean nothing but ‘know such things as seem good to thee.’ It could not mean (a) ‘Have such sentiments as seem good to thee’: nor (b) ‘Be wise in thine own wisdom.’ The Homeric phrases, “πεπνυμένα εἰδώς” (‘wise of heart’), “ἀθεμίστια εἰδώς, ἤπια οἶδε” (‘he has kindly feelings,’ Od. 13.405), etc., have no counterpart in the Attic usage of “εἰδέναι”. In 301 “δυσσέβειαν εἰδέναι”, and in Ph. 960δοκοῦντος οὐδὲν εἰδέναι κακόν”, the verb means simply ‘to know.’

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hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Homer, Odyssey, 13.405
    • Plato, Cratylus, 432a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 517a
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1024
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1055
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1049
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1271
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 960
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