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ξιφέων (possessive gen.) ἐπίχειρα, ‘the wages of swords,’ i.e. the reward of strife with the sword,—viz. a violent death. The gen. after “ἐπίχειρα” always denotes that for which the reward is given, as Aesch. PV 318ὑψηγόρου γλώσσης”, Aristoph. Vesp. 581ταύτης” (sc.τῆς δίκης”), Plat. Rep. 608Cἀρετῆς”, [Dem. ] Epist. p. 1484. 4τῶν...πεπονημένων”. Here, “ξιφέων” can hardly be a subjective gen., ‘the reward which the sword gives’; though the meaning is the same. The ironical sense of “ἐπίχειρα” occurs in Attic prose as well as verse; Antiphon or. 1 § 20 “ μὲν διακονήσασα” (in the murder) “ἔχει τὰ ἐπίχειρα ὦν ἀξία ἦν” (torture and death). Cp. El. 1382τἀπιτίμια τῆς δυσσεβείας. ξιφέων” might be poet. plur. for sing., as in Eur. Andr. 812ἔκ τε δεξιᾶς ξίφη καθαρπάζουσιν”, and Or. 1398(cp. “σκῆπτρα”, etc.); but it is rather an ordinary plural.


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hide References (7 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (7):
    • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 318
    • Aristophanes, Wasps, 581
    • Euripides, Andromache, 812
    • Euripides, Orestes, 1398
    • Plato, Republic, 608c
    • Sophocles, Electra, 1382
    • Demosthenes, Letters, 3.38
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