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ἔγωγ̓. In favour of omitting the colon after “ἔγωγ̓”, it has been urged that, if it remains, the goddess seems to accept the description just given of her favourite; and that it would better become her to reply merely, ‘I mean Odysseus, thy foe.’ But she is displaying the insanity of Ajax, and has already received his fierce vaunts with the irony of seeming approval.

Ὀδυσσέα, with synizesis: cp. Eur. Phoen. 913σφάξαι Μενοικέα τόνδε”: [Eur. ] Rhes. 977 “ἔπειτ᾽ Ἀχιλλέα Θέτιδος κ.τ.λ.” But synizesis is not applied by Sophocles to “Ὀδυσσέα” in Ph. 1220, to “Ἀχιλλέα” in Ph. 331 and 358, or to “Θησέα” in O. C. 1055 and 1630. Here Nauck writes “Ὀδυσσῆ”, a form found in Rhes. 708; cp. Eur. El. 439Ἀχιλῆ”.

ἐνστάτην, ‘adversary’: a word not extant elsewhere. It comes from “ἐνίστασθαι” as=‘to stand in the way’ of a person or thing, ‘oppose,’ ‘resist.’ For the literal sense, see Lysias or. 3 § 8εὐθύς με τύπτειν ἐπεχείρησεν: ἐπειδὴ δὲ αὐτὸν ἠμυνάμην ἐνστάς” (‘when I stood up to him and repelled him’), “ἔβαλλέ με λίθοις”: for the fig. sense, Thuc. 8. 69§ 2 “ἤν τις ἐνιστῆται τοῖς ποιουμένοις”. Hence in logic, “ἔνστασις”, instantia, ‘objection’ (cp. Isocr. or. 5 § 39, “ἐνστῆναι τοῖς εἰρημένοις”). In Etym. M. p. 625. 25 “ἐνστάτης” (quoted from this passage) is loosely explained as=“ἀντιστάτης”.

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hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Euripides, Electra, 439
    • Euripides, Phoenician Women, 913
    • Isocrates, To Philip, 39
    • Lysias, Against Simon, 8
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1055
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 1220
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 331
    • Thucydides, Histories, 8.69
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