previous next

ναύτας ἐφορμήσαντατὸ πλεῖν: for the inf. with art., instead of a simple inf., cp. O. C. 442τὸ δρᾶν οὐκ ἠθέλησαν” (and ib. 47, n.): Thuc. 2. 87§ 1 “οὐχὶ δικαίαν ἔχει τέκμαρσιν τὸ ἐκφοβῆσαι” (where Classen compares this verse). Liddell and Scott, s. v. “ἐφορμάω”, remark that the dat. ϝαύταις should be read here. It is, in fact, the reading of a few late MSS.,—having been introduced, perhaps, by Triclinius; but ναύτας is right. “ἐφορμῶ” takes a dat. of the person when it means to rouse or urge something against one; e.g. Hom. Od. 7. 272ὅς μοι ἐφορμήσας ἀνέμους”: Soph. fr. 619. 2 “ καὶ Ζ<*>ὺς ἐφορμήσῃ κακά”. But here, where “ἐφορμῶ” means to urge one to do something, the person is necessarily in the acc., as after “ἐπείγω, προτρέπω”, etc. Cp. Xen. Cyr. 8. 1. 43τούτους οὔτε μελετᾶν τῶν ἐλευθερίων πόνων οὐδένα παρώρμα κ.τ.λ.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Homer, Odyssey, 7.272
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 442
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.87
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 8.1.43
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: