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γενεᾶς: for the gen., cp. Plat. Prot. 316BἈπολλοδώρου υἱός, οἰκίας μεγάλης.

χθονίων ἀπ᾽ Ἐρεχθειδᾶν: for “ἀπὸ” with ref. to descent, cp. Ant. 193παίδων τῶν ἀπ᾽ Οἰδίπου”.

Erechtheus, “ γηγενής” ( Her. 8. 55), ‘whom Earth, the grain-giver, brought forth, and Athena, daughter of Zeus, fostered’ ( Il. 2. 547), is representative of the Athenian claim to be “αὐτόχθονες”. It was in his reign, acc. to Her. 8. 44, that the folk once called “Κραναοί”, and then “Κεκροπίδαι”, were first named “Ἀθηναῖοι”. For “Ἐρεχθεῖδαι” as=“Ἀθηναῖοι”, cp. Pind. I. 2. 19κλειναῖς Ἐρεχθειδᾶν χαρίτεσσιν ἀραρὼς ταῖς λιπαραῖς ἐν Ἀθάναις”, ‘having attained to the glorious honours given by the Erechtheidae in shining Athens.’ (In Soph. Ant. 981 f., however, the patronymic has a narrower sense, denoting merely the family of Erechtheus.) So, again, the Athenians are “Θησεῖδαι” ( Soph. O. C. 1066), the Thebans “Καδμεῖοι”, the Trojans or Romans Aeneadae; and an unknown poet (frag. adesp. 274) calls the Argives “χθονίους Ἰναχίδας”, where Hesychius explains the adj. by “αὐτόχθονας καὶ οὐκ ἐπήλυδας”,— the sense of χθονίων here. (Cp. O. C. 948 n.)

Salamis is in this play a kingdom independent of Athens, but the Salaminians are of Athenian stock, and revere ‘sacred Athens’ (1222) as the metropolis of their race. See Introduction, § 4.

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hide References (9 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.44
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.55
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.547
    • Pindar, Isthmean, 2
    • Plato, Protagoras, 316b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 193
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 981
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1066
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 948
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