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ηὐχένιζε (a word not elsewhere found in classical Greek) means here, ‘beheaded,’ by a blow on the “αὐχήν” (cervix), or hinder part of the neck. (Cp. Pind. P. 2. 93ἐπαυχένιον .. ζυγόν”.) The Homeric “δειρορομεῖν” ( Il. 21. 89, etc.) may have suggested “αὐχενίζειν”.

ἄνω τρέπων, turning the heads of the victims upwards, so as to expose the throats to the sword. Cp. Il. 1. 459αὐέρυσαν μὲν πρῶτα καὶ ἔσφαξαν καὶ ἔδειραν”: where “αὐέρυσαν” is now explained as = “ἀϝ-ϝέρυσαν”, by assimilation for “ἀν-ϝερ”, ‘they lifted up’ the heads of the victims (not “αὐ ἔρυσαν”, ‘drew back,’ as it was formerly taken): see Leaf ad loc.

ἔσφαζε (235), cut the “σφαγή”, iugulum. The whole neck is “τράχηλος”, collum.

κἀρράχιζε: see on 56.

δεσμίους: cp. 239 ff.

ὥστε=“ὡς”, an epic use frequent with Aesch. and Soph. : Soph. O. C. 343, etc.

φῶτας, here opposed, as “ἄνδρας” is in 64, to “θῆρας”: sometimes “φώς” is opp. to “θεός” ( Il. 17. 98 etc.).

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Homer, Iliad, 17.98
    • Homer, Iliad, 1.459
    • Homer, Iliad, 21.89
    • Pindar, Pythian, 2
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 239
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 343
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