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Σκύρου: for the gen., cp. O. T. 236 n. Scyros (still Skyro), the small island, about 25 miles long from N.W. to S.E. , which lies about 35 miles E. of Euboea, nearly in the latitude of Trachis. In 469 B.C. Cimon expelled the predatory Dolopes from the island, and brought the reputed remains of Theseus to Athens. Scyros then became a possession of the Athenians, in whose estimation it was a dreary and insignificant little place ([Dem.] or. 52 § 9): “Σκυρία ἀρχή” suggested the same idea as vacuis aedilis Ulubris. The name means ‘stony.’ “σκύρος” (“”), which Curtius connects with “ξύειν” ‘to scrape,’ was used to denote ‘chips from hewn stones’ (“λατύπη”). At Cyrene the “σκυρωτὴ ὁδός” ( Pind. P. 5. 93) was not a ‘paved’ road, but a road ‘hewn’ out of the solid rock.—Cp. Apollodorus 3. 13. 8: ‘Thetis, in the foreknowledge that Achilles must perish if he went to the war, disguised him in woman's attire, and left him, as a girl, in Scyros. There he grew up, and married Deidameia (“Δηϊδάμεια”) daughter of Lycomedes [king of Scyros]; and a son was born to them, Pyrrhus, afterwards called Neoptolemus.’<


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  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Demosthenes, Against Callippus, 9
    • Pindar, Pythian, 5
    • Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, 236
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