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The constr. is:

χρόνον προτάξας, having first prescribed the time [for the division of the property],

ὡς (saying) that,

ἡνίκα χώρας ἀπείη βεβώς τρίμ. χρόνον κἀνιαύς., when he should have been absent from the country, after his departure, for fifteen months,

τότε χρείη σφε θανεῖν τῷδε τῷ χρ., ζῆν κ.τ.λ. The words “χρόνον προτάξας” refer to his having expounded the oracle to her before he gave the directions as to his property: ὡς depends on the notion of ‘saying’ contained in “προτάξας”: and the sentence, “ὡς, ἡνίκα...ἀπείη, χρείη”, explains “χρόνον προτάξας”.

I leave the MS. τρίμηνονκἀνιαύσιος unaltered, because it is conceivable that, while “τρίμηνον” was prompted by the “χρόνον” before it, “κἀνιαύσιος” should have been adapted to “βεβώς”. Cp. the personal constr. with “χρόνιος” ( O. C.441 n.), “χθιζός, παννύχιος”, etc. But I should prefer κἀνιαύσιον.—The repetition χρόνονχρόνῳχρόνου does not warrant a suspicion (cp. O. C.554 n.): it expresses her anxiety to be precise as to the all-important point.

ὑπεκδραμόντα is lit., ‘having run out from beneath,’ having ‘eluded’ the imminent danger: Ant.1086τῶν σὺ θάλπος οὐχ ὑπεκδραμεῖ”. Her.1. 156ἢν τὸ παρεὸν ὑπεκδράμωσι”. As the χρόνου τέλος is here a perilous crisis, ὑπεκδρ. is more forcible than the conjecture ὑπερδραμόντα, which would mean simply, ‘having passed.’

The arguments which have been brought against vv. 166—168 are examined in the Appendix.

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hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.156
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 1086
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 441
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 554
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