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φωνεῖ δὲ, instead of “φωνῶν δὲ” (answering to “λέγων...μὲν”): cp. El.190οἰκονομῶ θαλάμους πατρός, ὧδε μὲν” | “ἀεικεῖ σὺν στολᾷ”, | “κεναῖς δ᾽ ἀμφίσταμαι τραπέζαις” (instead of “ἀμφισταμένη”): O. C.351 n. This very trait confirms the soundness of the MS. text. For the historic pres., standing between “ἐπερρόθησε” and “ἔρριψεν”, cp. Ant.269λέγει”, between “ἦν” (268) and “προὔτρεψεν” (270). The optat. ῥαίοιτο is admissible (instead of “ῥαίεται”), because the historic present counts as a secondary tense: cp. Her.1. 63βουλὴν... ἐπιτεχνᾶται, ὅκως μήτε ἁλισθεῖεν κ.τ.λ.”: Lys. or. 12 § 12ἐρωτῶσιν ὅπῃ βαδίζοιμεν: δ᾽ ἔφασκενκ.τ.λ.

ἀνδρὸςἐλευθέρου with δοῦλος (not with “ῥαίοιτο”, as gen. of agent, like “πληγεὶς θυγατρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς”, Eur. Or.497): “ἐλευθέρου” serves merely to emphasise “δοῦλος” by contrast.

ῥαίοιτο: Od.6. 325ἐπεὶ πάρος οὔ ποτ᾽ ἄκουσας” | “ῥαιομένου, ὅτε μ᾽ ἔρραιεν κλυτὸς ἐννοσίγαιος”.

The conject. “φανεὶς δὲ δοῦλος ἀνδρος ἀντ̓ ἐλευθέρου” (cr. n.) has been received by several edd., who cite Ai.1020δοῦλος λόγοισιν ἀντ᾽ ἐλευθέρου φανείς”. There, however, the force of “φανείς” depends on “λόγοισιν”: ‘represented,’ ‘made out,’ in his taunting words, to be a slave. Here “φανείς” would mean simply, ‘found to be.’

δείπνοις, dat. of the occasion: cp. Plat. Symp. 174 Aτοῖς ἐπινικίοις”: for the plur., cp. O.T. 779, El.203.

ᾠνωμένος, Heracles. Cp. Eur. Alc.756(of Heracles) “ποτῆρα δ᾽ ἐν χείρεσσι κίσσινον λαβὼν” | “πίνει μελαίνης μητρὸς εὔζωρον μέθυ”, | “ἕως ἐθέρμην᾽ αὐτὸν ἀμφιβᾶσα φλὸξ” | “οἴνου: στέφει δὲ κρᾶτα μυρσίνης κλάδοις” | “ἄμουσ᾽ ὑλακτῶν”. The “ἀτηρὰ φρήν” (264) of Eurytus seized this opportunity of inflicting an insult.

ἔρριψεν ἐκτὸς αὐτόν. A Greek vase, found in Sicily, quaintly illustrates some such incident. The inebriated Heracles is lying on his back outside a closed door, from above which an old woman is pouring cold water upon him. Satyrs and maenads appear at each side of the group. (Benndorf, Gr. und Sicilische Vasenbilder pl. 44.) I am indebted for this reference to Mr MurrayS. , of the British Museum.

ὧν ἔχων χόλον: for the causal gen. cp. Ph.327 n.

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hide References (12 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (12):
    • Euripides, Alcestis, 756
    • Euripides, Orestes, 497
    • Herodotus, Histories, 1.63
    • Homer, Odyssey, 6.325
    • Lysias, Against Eratosthenes, 12
    • Plato, Symposium, 174a
    • Sophocles, Ajax, 1020
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 269
    • Sophocles, Electra, 190
    • Sophocles, Electra, 203
    • Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 351
    • Sophocles, Philoctetes, 327
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