The extent to which the Trachiniae shows the influ-
Supposed influence of Euripides.
1 Schlegel's criticism (§ 1, n. 3) was the inspiration of a short ‘programm’ published at Cleve (Prussia) in 1830 by C. M. AxtA. , Commentatio critica qua Trachiniarum Sophocleae prologum subdititium esse demonstratur. Axt uses the term ‘prologue,’ not in the Greek sense (i.e. to denote vv. 1—93), but only with reference to Deianeira's speech, vv. 1—48. He holds that the play ought to begin at v. 49, with the speech of the “τροφός”.
2 (1) Tr.542(Deianeira speaks,) “τοιάδ᾽ Ἡρακλῆς” | “οἰκούρἰ ἀντέπεμψε τοῦ μακροῦ χρόνου”: cp. Eur. H. F.1373(Megara speaks,) “μακρὰς διαντλοῦσ᾽ ἐν δόμοις οἰκουρίας”. (2) Soph. Tr.1096“διφυᾶ τ᾽ ἄμικτον ἱπποβάμονα στρατὸν” | “θηρῶν, ὑβριστήν, ἄνομον”: cp. Eur. H. F.181“τετρασκελές θ᾽ ὕβρισμα, Κενταύρων γένος”. (3) Soph. Tr.1101“ἄλλων τε μόχθων μυρίων ἐγευσάμην”: cp. Eur. H. F.1353“καὶ γὰρ πόνων δὴ μυρίων ἐγευσάμην”. [Wilamowitz, vol. II. p. 278, assumes that Soph. has borrowed this use of “γεύομαι” from Eur. : but Soph. had already said in Soph. Ant.1005, “ἐμπύρων ἐγευόμην”.] (4) Soph. Tr.1112“ὦ τλῆμον Ἑλλὰς κ.τ.λ.”: cp. Eur. H. F.877“μέλεος Ἑλλάς, ἃ τὸν εὐεργέταν” | “ἀποβαλεῖς”. In Soph. Tr.764“κόσμῳ τε χαίρων καὶ στολῇ” may, I think, be a reminiscence of Eur. Med.1165(in a similar episode), “δώροις ὑπερχαίρουσα”. And Soph. Tr.416, “λέγ̓, εἴ τι χρῄζεις: καὶ γὰρ οὐ σιγηλὸς εἶ”, is an echo of Aesch. Suppl.567(421 B.C.), “λέγ̓, εἴ τι βούλει: καὶ γὰρ οὐ σιγηλὸς εἶ”.
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