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πολιούχου. Cf. . Πολιάς (v. 82. 3)—a more common form. For other references to her as guardian deity cf. Farnell, G. C. i. 298, 398 seq. ‘Plutarch’ (de Mal. H. 20, F. H. G. i. 32) quotes ‘verbally’ the account of Charon of Lampsacus: Πακτύης ὡς ἐπύθετο προσελαύνοντα τὸν στρατὸν τὸν Περσικόν, ᾤχετο φεύγων ἄρτι μὲν εἰς Μιτυλήνην, ἔπειτα δὲ εἰς Χίον: καὶ αὐτοῦ ἐκράτησε Κῦρος. In this account, as ‘Plutarch’ says, οὐδὲν ἄγος προστέτριπται; but Charon's silence is not inconsistent with the account here (cf. Intr. § 19).

Atarneus, a fertile district (vi. 28. 2), had belonged to the Mysians (viii. 106. 1). The dense population of Chios (Thuc. viii. 40. 2; Beloch, Bevölk., pp. 233-4) made it important for the island to secure a food-supply on the mainland. The Chians still had Atarneus in 398 B.C. (Xen. Hell. iii. 2. 11).

χῶρος must be taken twice over, with Ἀταρνέος and with Μυσίης (cf. 137. 1 for another double construction; but the one here is very harsh). For the position of Atarneus cf. vii. 42. 1 n.

For the οὐλαί cf. 132. 1 n. The price of blood might not be used for sacred things (cf. St. Matt. xxvii. 6).

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