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The story of the Phocaeans. This digression is invaluable, as giving us our earliest evidence of the ‘Barbarian Reaction’ in the West, which kept the Greeks out of Corsica and west Sicily, and prevented the west Mediterranean from becoming a Greek lake. It was checked for more than half a century by the Deinomenidae, at Himera in 480 B.C. (vii. 166) and at Cumae in 474. For the whole subject cf. Bury, pp. 296 seq. These chapters are well discussed by Clerc in the R. E. G. xviii. 143 seq.; he proves that the later traditions (Antiochus, fr. 9; F. H. G. i. 183; Timagenes, ib. iii. 323) are mistaken, which attribute the foundation of Massilia, in whole or in part, to the exiles fleeing from Persia. This later date has been supported by Thuc. i. 13. 6; but the order of events in that chapter need not be chronological.

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