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Agylla, the later Caere in south Etruria.

For the oracle teaching mercy and atonement for blood guilt cf. Myers, Hellenica, p. 455; for the curse on offspring cf. vi. 139. 2 n.

σφι: the dead Phocaeans. The atonement consisted in setting up Greek games in their honour as heroes; the connexion of funeral games with the dead is as old as Il. xxiii; for other examples cf. Frazer, ii. 549-50. For ἐναγίζω (‘hero-worship’) cf. ii. 44. 5; v. 47 n.

Oenotria (Strabo, 209) is the toe of Italy ‘from the Sicilian strait to the Tarentine Gulf’.

Γ̔έλη: i.e. Elia or Velia, so famous in the history of philosophy. For ‘paltering in a double sense’ on the part of Oracles cf. iii. 64. 4 n.

Κύρνον: a son of Heracles (Serv. ad Verg. Ec. ix. 30). Heracles is the pioneer of Greek enterprise, cf. v. 43; there is no need to conjecture ἕλος ἐόντα, in reference to the fact that Velia was founded in a marsh (Dion. Halic. i. 20).

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