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ἀγκῶνας. Literally ‘is carried down as to its angles’, i. e. ‘is carried down at an angle’. The river rampart (αἱμασιή, i. e. a rougher kind of wall) and the city wall made a salient angle, excellent for purposes of defence.

ἐπικαμπαί. ‘From this point the return-walls stretch in the form of a rampart along each quay’ (χεῖλος): παρατείνει is attracted into the singular to agree with αἱμασιή. The quays (Diod. ii. 8) were 160 stades long; parts of them were discovered by the French explorers in 1853; the bricks bear the name of Nabonidus. H. (186. 2) attributes them to Nitocris, the mother of the last king, Labynetus (188. 1 n.), who in part corresponds to the historic Nabonidus.

The Euphrates was navigable by sea-going ships up to Babylon (Strabo, 739).

The streets were some of them (ἄλλαι) parallel to the river, others were cross-roads (ἐπικάρσιαι, cf. iv. 101. 3) leading to it; the latter were merely ‘alleys’ or ‘wynds’ (λαῦραι). Streets which ran parallel to the river could hardly be ‘straight’, but H. exaggerates this feature, from their contrast to the winding streets of a Greek town.

πυλίδες. H. carefully distinguishes these ‘little gates’ from the main πύλαι of 179. 3.

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    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 2.8
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