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Alyattes had tried to gain Ephesus by marrying his daughter to its tyrant Melas; there was always a strong Asiatic element there (cf. the character of its temple worship, 92 n., and the exclusion of its citizens from the Apaturia, 147. 2). Pindarus, however, the next tyrant, though nephew of Croesus, was head of the patriotic party; his exile was made a condition of the terms granted to Ephesus on its submission (Ael. V. H. iii. 26).
For symbolic dedication cf. Thuc. iii. 104 (Polycrates and the island of Rheneia) and Plut. Sol. 12 (the supporters of Cylon). ἔστι: in singular, though the subject is plural, a σχῆμα Πινδαρικόν. For the site of Ephesus cf. v. 100 n.
Grote points out (iii. 260 n.) that the ‘two generations’ of στάσις (v. 28 n.) before the Ionic Revolt explain the failure of Miletus to resist further.
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