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εἰκόνα. ‘A portrait made like with painting’, probably a picture on wood, such as are found on mummies of the Graeco-Roman period. It was no doubt the work of a Greek artist. We may compare the Egyptian portraits in the National Gallery (nos. 1260-70), though these are of the second or third century A. D.

θώρηκα. For the corselet cf. iii. 47. 3 n.; the groundwork was linen threads with ‘figures (ζῷα) embroidered in gold and cotton’; cf. Ezek. xxvii. 7 ‘fine linen with broidered work from Egypt’.

τῆ Ἥρη. For the Heraeum cf. iii. 60. 4.


Λίνδον. The real reason for this dedication was that the usual trade-route from the Aegean to Egypt was by Rhodes (cf. c. 178; Thuc. viii. 35. 2) and Cyprus. Phaselis (178. 2) was important on this route.

Κύπρον. H. knew nothing of the conquest by Sargon, 709 B. C. (5. 104 n.); Amasis was the ‘first’ Egyptian to conquer Cyprus.

As H. introduces his long digression on Egypt with a reference to the conquest of the Greeks (c. 1. 2), so he skilfully concludes with a similar reference.

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