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For Assyrians cf. i. 178. 1 n.


τῶν σῶν δεήσῃ, ‘unless there be some failure on your part’; we should have expected τῶν σῶν τι ἐνδεήσῃ (cf. vii. 18).


Σεμιράμιος. The gates of Semiramis look like a piece of Greek imagination; they may, however, be placed in the south-west (cf. i. 181. 2, 184 nn. for her connexion with the Nebo temple in Borsippa).

Of the other gates that of ‘the Ninevites’ would be on the north, that of ‘the Chaldaeans’ on the south, by the river, on the way to their early home (i. 181. 5 n.). That of ‘Belus’ would be in the south also, near (cf. 158. 2) the Esagila temple (i. 181. 2 n.), the ‘Cissian’ on the east (cf. 91. 4). The details, if fictions, are skilfully arranged to cover all sides of Babylon.


The βαλανάγρα (not κλείς, as the gate is large) was an iron hook for extracting the βάλανος from the bar (μοχλός; cf. Thuc. ii. 4. 3).

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    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.4.3
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