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Ἰχθυοφάγων. The ‘fish-eaters’ are placed by Pausanias (i. 33. 4) on the south coasts of the Red Sea; cf. Diod. iii. 15-20 for a marvellous account of them. The Persian messengers went ‘from Elephantine’ to ‘fetch’ them, as the place whence the caravans started south-east from the Nile.
οὐκ ἔφασαν ποιήσειν. Cf. viii. 22. 1 for a mother-city claiming of her colonies the piety here shown by the Phoenicians.
Grote (iv. 142) supposes that Cyrus had received the submission of the Phoenicians (so Xen. Cyr. i. 1. 4); but H. (iii. 34. 4), probably rightly, makes the Persians say that Cambyses προσεκτῆσθαι τὴν θάλασσαν. This annexation explains in part (cf. App. V. 2) why Egypt was not conquered till the fifth year of Cambyses. It is noticeable that Tyre, which had resisted Assyria and Babylonia desperately, yielded without a struggle to the Persian power, probably because under it local autonomy and religious institutions (c. 16 n.) were respected. Cyprus revolted from Egypt (ii. 182. 2) to Persia.
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