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ἐπαναστάς might imply a revolution against any form of government; but it is probable that an oligarchy was ruling in Samos, having been restored after the overthrow described in Plut. Quaes. Graec. 57; Mor. 303 seq.

For Syloson's story cf. iii. 139 seq.; his son bore the family name Aeaces (iv. 138).

For the use of penteconters, not triremes, cf. i. 163. 2 n.

τοξότας. These ‘bowmen’ were ‘native Samians’ (45. 3).

νήσων. Cf. Thuc. i. 13. 6 for the conquest of the islands by Polycrates, and iii. 104. 2 for the honour paid to Delos. The rivalry of Samos and Miletus was perpetual (cf. the events of 494, 440, 412-404 B. C.), and probably explains the variations in the general foreign policy of both states.

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