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For H.'s account of the Cypselidae cf. v. 92 nn. and App. XVI. 3-4. The historical facts in these chapters are—(1) that Periander killed his wife; (2) conquered his father-in-law Procles (52. 7); this conquest is important as probably being the occasion of the independence of Aegina (v. 83. 1); (3) reduced Corcyra to subjection; (4) (probably) that Lycophron ruled for a time in Corcyra; (5) that Periander left no son to succeed him; his successor was Psammetichus, son of his brother Gorgus (Arist. Pol. 1315 b 26). The rest of the narrative is romantic embroidery, moral tales such as the Greeks loved, which may be called ‘the beginnings of the novel’ (cf. Nitzsch, Rhein. Mus. 1872, p. 228). The style, especially in cc. 52 and 53, is characteristic of the age of the ‘Seven Wise Men’ (cf. i. 27 n.), among whom Periander was reckoned; the proverbs ‘Obstinacy (ἡ φιλοτιμίη) is an evil thing’, ‘Do not heal evil with evil’ (53. 4, v. i.), &c., are not adornments, they are the real base of the story.
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