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Ἀρχίῃ. H.'s mention of his informant here (cf. Introd. § 23, p. 28) throws light on the character of his evidence; his account of the siege is based partly on local Samian tradition, partly on the family tradition of Archias. Pitane was the aristocratic κώμη (= the Attic δῆμος) at Sparta; the others (Paus. iii. 16. 9) were Mesoa, Cynosura, Limnae (cf. Thuc. i. 10. 2 for the survival of the κῶμαι). For the λόχος Πιτανήτης cf. ix. 53. 2 n. ἐτίμα. Archias was ἐθελοπρόξενος (Thuc. iii. 70) of Samos at Sparta. The significance and the recurrence of the names are to be noted. ‘Plutarch’ de Mal. Hdt. c. 22 says that Archias had a tomb δημοσίᾳ κατεσκευασμένον: this no doubt was set up after the fall of Polycrates by the Samian aristocrats.
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