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With the purchase of Hydrea cf. the attempt of the Phocaeans (i. 165. 1) to purchase the Oenyssian Islands.

Hydrea lies to the south of the Argolic peninsula, while Cydonia is on the north-west of Crete; both acts were probably part of a movement to isolate Aegina and to extend the relations of the Corintho-Samian alliance (v. i.). For a similar attempt at Cyrene cf. iv. 163 n. The Aeginetans resented this trespass on their preserves (for their friendly relations to Crete cf. the proverb Κρὴς πρὸς Αἰγηνήτην); hence they ‘joined the Cretans’ to expel the intruders, and secured their hold of Crete by a colony at Cydonia (Strabo 376). This connexion explains the hostility of the town to Athens (Thuc. ii. 85. 5).

καὶ τὸν . . . νηόν. The words are probably a mistaken addition, as Dictyna was a native goddess.

καπρίους. The Samian vessels were called ὑόπρῳροι (Plut. Per. c. 26), and were supposed to resemble pigs from their heavy build.

τὸ ἱρόν. For this temple, whence the famous Aeginetan marbles came to Munich in 1812, cf. Frazer, Paus. iii. 268 seq. It was first assigned to Zeus Panhellenius, then to Athena; but A. Furtwängler (cf. his splendid book on Aegina, Munich, 1906), who excavated it in 1901, has proved by inscriptions found in situ that it was dedicated to Aphaea. This goddess (Paus. ii. 30. 3) was also connected with Crete, and hence the dedication here for a Cretan victory is most appropriate to her. Furtwängler would read Ἀφαίης (for Ἀθηναίης) here; he points out that Pausanias knows nothing of an ‘Athena’ temple in Aegina, although he quotes another passage of H. (v. 82 seq.) in the very next section (ii. 30. 4).

Amphicrates seems to have been of the family of Procles, who led to Samos the Ionians expelled from Epidaurus by the Dorians (Paus. vii. 4. 2). For the overthrow of the monarchy at Samos cf. Plut. Qu. Gr. 57, where he speaks of the subsequent hostility between Samos and Megara, a member of the Aeginetan commercial league. Our scanty references to these early wars in the Aegean all tend to establish the theory of the rivalry of two great trade-leagues; Miletus, Aegina, Megara, and Eretria, trading mainly with the north-east, are ranged against Corinth, Samos, and Chalcis, whose main sphere is the west (cf. v. 99. 1 n.).

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.30.3
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 7.4.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.85.5
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