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μεγάλοι: the Danube's tributaries from the Balkans really are small.

Θρηίκων τῶν Κροβύζων. The changes in the position of the Crobyzi are an illustration of the trend of the tribes to the northeast which Niebuhr sketches (K. S. p. 376 seq.). In Strabo (318) we find this people has moved east to the coast, where H. (c. 93) places the Getae; these again had moved north-east in the fourth century B. C.

The Scius is no doubt the Ὄσκιος of Thuc. ii. 96. 4 (mod. Iskar), who rightly says ῥεῖ ἐκ τοῦ ὄρους ὅθεν περ καὶ Νέστος καὶ Ἕβρος; of course it does not (as H. asserts) ‘cut through’ the Balkans. H. extends Mount Haemus further west than was done later.

The Triballi lived in the modern Servia; Sitalces (Thuc. iv. 101. 5) met his death in an unsuccessful campaign against them.

ἐκ δὲ τῆς κατύπερθε. So far H.'s geography has been near the truth; now it becomes impossible. He knows nothing of the mountain block of central Europe, though its name and that of the ‘Carpathians’ make their first appearance in geography as the rivers Alpis and Carpis. Perhaps the direction of these rivers is a confused tradition of the Drave and Save, or even of the Inn.

Cf. ii. 33. 3 nn. for the Celts and the Cynetes.

πλάγια. ‘It runs into the flanks of Scythia,’ i. e. it strikes the Scythian frontier at an (acute) angle; this is of course inconsistent with H.'s ‘square theory’ (c. 101).

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