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Μακεδονίης. H. exaggerates the nearness of Lake Prasias to the Macedon of Amyntas, i. e. the district between the Axius and the Haliacmon (Μακεδονίς, vii. 127 n.). Amyntas (circ. 540-498 B. C.; cf. viii. 139), and for a time his son and successor Alexander, were petty princes content to submit to Persian suzerainty. But later (ὕστερον τούτων), after the defeat of Xerxes and Mardonius (480-79 B. C.), Alexander extended his kingdom east of the Axius, over Mygdonia and Bisaltia, till it reached the Strymon (Thuc. ii. 99). He then acquired the rich mine here mentioned, probably just east of Mount Dysorus. Southward of this, in Bisaltia, gold and silver were plentiful (cf. 11 n.; vi. 46; vii. 112; ix. 75). Hence he adopted the Bisaltian type and standard of coinage, merely substituting his own name for that of the tribe (Head, H. N. 199 f.). ὑπερβάντα: a word like ἔξεστι must be supplied from ἔστι . . . σύντομος. Abicht emends ὑπερβάντι.
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